jctc_summer2014


Creative Writing Summer Session

Rockin' the web this July


Final Draft: Security Dilemma Piece
kknox0009
I’ve heard that research papers can be incredibly mundane which is understandable. However, have you ever imagined our world being wiped out? You see things on the news from time to time about North Korea testing missiles but no one ever thinks anything will happen. What if a country felt threatened and it caused WWIII, only afterward, there wasn’t a world left. It is a scary thought but it is a possible one in the world we live in and with the weapons we have created. This piece will demonstrate how security dilemmas affect the world in which we live and why they are such a concern in today’s society.

Background:
So I know that background information can be super boring but it is important to understand it to see the current issue. It is important to realize that security dilemmas are ultimately about power and have affected international politics for many years. In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the 30 years’ war between Spain and Austria. This war was significant because it allowed states to obtain sovereignty. Sovereignty plays a huge role in security dilemmas. When a state’s freedom is threatened that state will do anything to protect it. If you don’t know what another state’s intentions are and you don’t know the consequences of your own power then this leads to a security dilemma. A good example of this took place in January of 2002 when President Bush gave a speech and in this speech he labeled North Korea as one of the “axis of evil.” In this example, if you were North Korea, would you feel threatened? When you feel threatened and you don’t know the other states intentions it leads to an arms race spiral. If you don’t build up your weapons for defense purposes then there really isn’t another option for protection. By Bush labeling North Korea it led them to accelerate their weapons programs immediately after his speech. Another example that created a security dilemma happened during the Clinton Administration. In 1992 the United States noticed from the space station that North Korea had more activity going on in a certain area than usual. This led the U.S. to question whether or not North Korea had the intention of creating weapons of mass destruction. Clinton ended up opening up peace talks with North Korea and both states tried to cooperate with one another. However, for this to happen, the U.S. and Japan had to agree to fund two light water reactors and to provide oil each year to North Korea. By agreeing to this it looked like the U.S. was giving into blackmail but the U.S. had a lot more at stake. The U.S. and South Korea have an alliance and if North Korea was to invade South Korea it would completely obliterate their military. The U.S. also has a large amount of troops stationed in South Korea and the U.S. would have significant amount of casualties if North Korea was to invade. By North Korea trying to acquire WMD’s it created a huge security dilemma among more than two states.

Attempted Solutions:
States have tried many methods to try and overcome the security dilemma or at least reduce it if nothing more can be done. One method that has been attempted is collective security. Collective security renounced the use of force in settling disputes. It was the idea that if one state became an aggressor that the non-aggressor states would come together and stop the aggressor. This goes along with the idea of prevention by threat, that if an aggressor state knows that other states will gang up on it if it decides to obtain more power or become a hegemon, that state will be less likely to even try. Woodrow Wilson came up with the idea of starting the League of Nations. This league was designed to “create a world of independent nation states, free of outside interference; the secret diplomacy of the old order would be replaced by the open discussion and resolution of disputes; the military alliance blocs would be replaced by a system of collective guarantees of security; and agreed disarmament would prevent the recurrence of the kind of arms race” that had happened in the past. However, there were several problems with the League of Nations that led to its failure. One of the league’s biggest problems was the fact that the great powers were not in it. “In 1919, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it,” It was quite interesting that the President of the United States came up with the idea to form the league, yet the government was not behind his idea. This caused a complication due to the idea that if a state in the league works with a great power that is not in the league, then they have a big advantage

The Issue:
The main issue with these security dilemmas is that they are creating an unsafe environment for all of us. When one state believes it is a necessity to build up its weapons it leads to mutually assured destruction. If we look at the current situation going on in Ukraine and other countries around the world it shows how unsafe our world really is. I believe that it is dire for states to work together in order to trust one another. I know that it is a long shot, especially today. However, all it takes is one country to bomb another and then the entire world could potentially disappear. It is a sad situation and it makes me wish that humanity was more trusting and caring. If we could someone create a system that would allow everyone to feel safer I believe wholeheartedly that it would be worth it.

Works Cited:


“Bush’s ‘Evil Axis’ Comment Stirs Critics”, BBC News, 2002, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1796034.stm (accessed November 1, 2009).
Charles Townshend, “The League of Nations and the United States”, BBC Home, 2003, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/league_nations_01.shtml (accessed November 2,2009)

FINAL Larger Than Usual
cjudy0003
As I sit at the table across from my new sister-in-law I notice that she is a bit dull. I want to get her to start interacting with the whole family, but she just doesn’t seem interested. I know just the thing to make her feel like part of our family. I need to tell her about our experience from last winter. If I explain to her that we accepted the Bigfoots to be part of our family then maybe she won’t feel like an outsider. I take a great big deep breath and look at her before I begin to spill our unbelievable story. She isn’t ever going to think I’m telling her the truth. She is more than likely going to think I am nuts and need to be committed….but it’s worth a shot.

“Marisa, I know you don’t feel like you belong but I want to tell you a story from just last year. Do you have a few minutes?”

Marisa replied, “Sure I do, I’ve got nothing to do and I always loved a great story. From just last year? Those are the best because people remember all the details like they happened yesterday.”

“I do remember all the details, in fact I think about it all the time. Ok, here goes…but you’re never going to believe me! But here goes!” I said before I began to tell her the story.


After the snow had kept my family pretty much cabin bound we were bored. We were all starting to get cabin fever. The thought of one more night the same two bedroom cabin was frightful. What was my husband thinking when he brought us here.

I was hesitant to pack board games, but for some odd reason decided to pack Monopoly. My family doesn’t usually play games, but I thought the kids might want something to do if the weather got bad. This was the only game my children would play together.
We all sat down to play monopoly. My husband sat across from me so that we would be able to help the kids. This game had lasted all day. It was nearing the end and I could not take it anymore as I was forced to play this with my brother growing up. It was just not that fun to me anymore. I had passed Park Place for the last time!

I stood up to announce my retreat to bed. I said quietly, while yawning, “Okay, I am done for the night. It is time for mommy to go to bed.” The kids looked at me with a frown. I looked at them and said, “If you all want to play it again tomorrow we can. In fact if we don’t put it up we can just continue where we are leaving it now.” Turning towards the bedroom I glanced out the window for a moment. Much to my surprise I saw a very tall raged looking man near my van. I looked at my husband with wide open eyes, obviously frightened. As I looked back out the window he was gone. The two glasses of wine I drank must have been playing tricks on my overly tired mind.

My husband came to bed immediately after he got the kids to bed. He said, “I need to go get some firewood out of the shed, first thing in the morning.” He then proceeded to ask me why I looked scared after playing Monopoly. I told my husband that I had read an article the day before we left for our camping trip. The article was about some men that had escaped from jail, and were on the loose. I told him that I read, “Sheriff Winslow believed the two came to Spencer County looking to hide out with family”, and that was only four days ago.

Steven ensured to me that the man I saw was not one of those men and that we were safe. After hearing his comforting words I rolled over to try to go to sleep, thinking of who it might have been. The thoughts that ran through my head were unnerving. I was still scared, but fell into a light sleep.

Steven was still asleep when I got up. The first thing I did was check to see if my children were still asleep and safe in their make shift cot beds. My son was snuggled up with his raggedy brown bear that he slept with every night since he was born. There was a snoring coming from the other cot. It was my daughter who had her stuffed dog laid over her face. I love watching them sleep so peacefully. I slowly made my way to the kitchen to make a pot of coffee. I was so tired and needed something to put some pep in my step. My thoughts turned quickly back to the image of a man I saw the prior night, lingering outside our cabin. I remembered my husband saying we needed wood for the fire place. He had gotten up in the night to put the rest of the fire in the stove. The stove was not hot anymore and needed stoked again, before the kids would get out from under their thick comforters to get up to play.

I walked out the front door of the cabin to find a pile of logs neatly on the porch. I just knew at that moment I had an amazing husband. He must have gotten up in the middle of the night to get wood for us, I thought to myself. I then noticed very large footprints in the snow. The snow was still falling; I knew they were fresh because the snow would have covered them quickly. I took an armful of wood and looked around to see who might have been watching. I felt as if I was taking the bait someone had left for me. I would have been the perfect victim for those convicts. I hurried into the cabin and locked the door behind me. Standing with my back on the door I dropped the armful of fire wood onto the floor in front of me. I was so scared!

I slowly lowered to the floor to pick up a few pieces of the scattered wood. I put the wood in the fire place and immediately woke up Steven. He must have heard the commotion I causes on moments earlier. I told him there were large footprints in the snow. I told him that someone was outside. I told him that I was scared. I made him get up and look outside. Steven saw the footprints and in a quick manner put on his shoes and coat. He rushed past me to grab the fire poker and then turned quickly towards the door. He didn’t even stop to look at me. The panic I presented must have told him I was truly scared.

Running out the front door, Steven didn’t shut it behind him. He ran around the cabin as fast as he could. By the time he made it back to the front door he was shaking. He said, “I’m going to follow these footprints.” Shaking and scratching his head he said, “Stay inside and keep the door locked.” I follow his instructions and closed the door. I went to the window to try to follow his every move. I wanted to know exactly what was happening outside.

A few minutes later he came back in and instructed me to put on my shoes and coat. I looked at the kids’ bedroom door; the door was still shut. I got my shoes and coat on as fast as I could. My heart was pounding. I was nervous as to why I had to go outside. Maybe there was a dead body, or a weapon, or even worse a booby trap. I clutched my hands to the insides of my pockets.

We walked to the shed where Steven slowly opened the door. He looked at me and in a quiet calm voice said, “Try not to scream, it is alright.” I looked at him with a curious face. Following him in the shed was the hardest thing I had done in a long time. I didn’t know what was ahead of me and the suspense was turning the coffee in my stomach.

I looked in front of my husband only to see three people. I let out a very loud squeal. I was so baffled that I turned around and ran to the front door of the cabin. My husband followed right behind me. He opened the door and we rushed in so fast that we stumbled over each other, falling onto the floor.

My husband looked at me with wide eyes and said, “I didn’t see monsters when I look through the shed window. I only saw a small child bundled in rags. I was going to have you bring the child inside.”

I looked at him and started to cry. I couldn’t grasp the concept of strangers in the shed. Thinking to myself I wondered why they wouldn’t knock on the door. They had a small child with them, why wouldn’t they try to come in to get warm. We could have taken them back to town if that’s what they were looking for. After gaining my composure I realized they were still outside with a small child.

“Steven, can we bring them inside?” I asked my husband with fear in my voice.
We looked at each other and smiled slightly to one another. I could tell he was just as worried as I was to invite them inside, but what else were we supposed to do, leave them out there to freeze?

We slowly went back through the door and back out to the shed. Steven slowly opened the door. The family was startled and ran to the furthest corner from us. They too were not comfortable without presence.

The first person I saw was a very tall mangy looking man. He wore no clothes. The second of the three was a woman, also wearing nothing. Just like the man she was very hairy. She was holding a small child. The two of them were sitting in the corner rocking and humming. The man was standing with his arms folded. I instantly thought of the fantasy character Bigfoot. This is what these people were; they are Bigfoots.

I smiled politely and asked if they would like to come in and eat breakfast. The man looked at me and tilted his head to the side. I then realized they didn’t speak our language. After looking at each other for a few minutes, I walked over and touched the woman’s hand. I grabbed hold of it and she hesitantly grabbed mine. I gave her a slight pull and used my body language to invite her into the cabin. They followed us inside.

As they walked inside the man’s head hit the ceiling. This startled him making him hunch down instinctively. His quick motions in turn startled the woman and she ran across the room with the child in her arms. She tripped over our Monopoly game in the middle of the floor. Pieces flew in all directions. The small child she was holding started to cry loudly. She placed him on the floor and looked into his eyes. Wiping his tears she kissed his forehead to calm him.

All this commotion woke up my kids. They both came out of their bedroom holding their stuffed animals. The Bigfoots child saw them and grabbed the bear out of my son’s hands. Setting my son into a panic he screamed. Both of my children backed slowly into their room, screaming in fear. I ran through the living room stepping on each Monopoly hotel, slipping and sliding. Causing everyone to huddle close to the floor to stay out of my rapturous path, I finally made it through the doorway into my kids room. I sat with them, holding them tight to calm them. I explained that these people were here in the cabin to get warm and that everything would be ok. It took a lot of convincing to bring them out of the room with me.

After walking out I saw that there was cotton stuffing all over the living room floor, couch and near the fireplace. James looked at me and with a trembling voice asked if Brown Bear had died. I looked at the Bigfoots child to see if it was Brown Bear. He had the outer shell of Brown Bear draped over his arm. I snatched it from him and handed him to James. My son glared at this strange child and yelled, “You get out of my cabin!”

The child didn’t know what he was saying but it caused him to cry, again. I quickly turned towards my son and told him I could fix Brown Bear.

Once everything started to calm down I showed the Bigfoots they could sit at the kitchen table. I cooked breakfast while Steven sat with them. The man walked outside, returning with an arm full of firewood. I thanked him politely and put our breakfast on plates. I began eating and they mimicked my movements. They had a very hard time eating off of a fork. I offered them spoons; they ate much better off of spoons.

When the kids were finished eating they played with their small child by the fire place. We sat around all day trying to figure out a way to communicate with these strange people. We finally figured it out! We had to touch what we wanted to show them and hand things to them. They were very nice creatures.

After the long day of visiting we offered them pillows and blankets to sleep on the living room floor. The Bigfoots seemed to enjoy the fireplace, a lot.

We woke up the next morning to the smell of burning food. It was a retched smell. I rushed into the kitchen to turn off the stove and open windows. Smoke poured out the kitchen window like an upward waterfall.

This reminded me of a house fire I had read about weeks ago, near our house. I remember reading that, “Several neighbors worked to get her out of the house, police and family say.” This would have been a horrifying thing to have experienced. I was so happy that we woke up before this large footed woman caught our cabin on fire. I am not sure I could have dealt with us being trapped inside.

After we managed to remove this hectic situation from our cabin we decided it was time to go outside for a visit, as we had a hard time breathing in the cabin. Outdoors was the best place for both of our family’s since the smoke was lingering in the cabin. We would feast on sandwiches and carrot sticks, while Lindsay and James showed the Bigfoots child how to build a snowman. I taught the nice hairy woman to make ham and cheese sandwiches along with how to cut vegetables. I felt I was helping them learn new things by teaching them the way we lived.

This day was a day filled with trying to communicate while making snow angles and eating icicles off the trees. We made many trips back inside to warm up next to the fireplace. The Bigfoots child loved to play with our children. They all laughed and smiled in the same manor; even though we didn’t speak the same language, we all enjoyed having fun together.

We ended up going to bed late that night because it was our last night with our new friends. We stayed awake for a while having a glass of wine with our new friends. This was a very memorable trip to our cabin and even better because we got to meet the Bigfoots…

The following day it was time for my family to go home. We had a long drive ahead of us. We loaded up the car with all of our clothes and waved goodbye to these nice people. They looked confused for a few minutes, before waving back at us. I didn’t want to leave them to go back to our everyday hustle and bustle, but we had jobs to return to. We left these Bigfoots at our cabin. Even though it was over, I felt like I would see them again the next time we went on vacation.

Draft 3: Security Dilemma Piece
kknox0009
There are many aspects of international politics that affect the way states perform in everyday life. How these states work together affects each of their outcomes in the political realm. However, when a state wants to obtain more power than others it creates a security dilemma among countries. This piece will demonstrate how security dilemmas affect the world in which we live.
Security dilemmas are ultimately about power and have affected international politics for many years. In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the 30 years’ war between Spain and Austria. This war was significant because it allowed states to obtain sovereignty. Sovereignty plays a huge role in security dilemmas. When a state’s freedom is threatened that state will do anything to protect it. If you don’t know what another state’s intentions are and you don’t know the consequences of your own power then this leads to a security dilemma. A good example of this took place in January of 2002 when President Bush gave a speech and in this speech he labeled North Korea as one of the “axis of evil.” In this example, if you were North Korea, would you feel threatened? When you feel threatened and you don’t know the other states intentions it leads to an arms race spiral. If you don’t build up your weapons for defense purposes then there really isn’t another option for protection. By Bush labeling North Korea it led them to accelerate their weapons programs immediately after his speech. Another example that created a security dilemma happened during the Clinton Administration. In 1992 the United States noticed from the space station that North Korea had more activity going on in a certain area than usual. This led the U.S. to question whether or not North Korea had the intention of creating weapons of mass destruction. Clinton ended up opening up peace talks with North Korea and both states tried to cooperate with one another. However, for this to happen, the U.S. and Japan had to agree to fund two light water reactors and to provide oil each year to North Korea. By agreeing to this it looked like the U.S. was giving into blackmail but the U.S. had a lot more at stake. The U.S. and South Korea have an alliance and if North Korea was to invade South Korea it would completely obliterate their military. The U.S. also has a large amount of troops stationed in South Korea and the U.S. would have significant amount of casualties if North Korea was to invade. By North Korea trying to acquire WMD’s it created a huge security dilemma among more than two states.
States have tried many methods to try and overcome the security dilemma or at least reduce it if nothing more can be done. One method that has been attempted is collective security. Collective security renounced the use of force in settling disputes. It was the idea that if one state became an aggressor that the non-aggressor states would come together and stop the aggressor. This goes along with the idea of prevention by threat, that if an aggressor state knows that other states will gang up on it if it decides to obtain more power or become a hegemon, that state will be less likely to even try. Woodrow Wilson came up with the idea of starting the League of Nations. This league was designed to “create a world of independent nation states, free of outside interference; the secret diplomacy of the old order would be replaced by the open discussion and resolution of disputes; the military alliance blocs would be replaced by a system of collective guarantees of security; and agreed disarmament would prevent the recurrence of the kind of arms race” that had happened in the past. However, there were several problems with the League of Nations that led to its failure. One of the league’s biggest problems was the fact that the great powers were not in it. “In 1919, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it,” It was quite interesting that the President of the United States came up with the idea to form the league, yet the government was not behind his idea. This caused a complication due to the idea that if a state in the league works with a great power that is not in the league, then they have a big advantage. For example, in 1928 a crisis arose between Bolivia and Paraguay, both whom were a part of the league. The Paraguayan military captured and destroyed a Bolivian fort. Afterward, Bolivia decided to attack and try to take back their fort and another fort as well. Bolivia also notified the League of Nations for help during this crisis. However, the main problem is that “the prime mover in mediation was the Pan American Conference of Conciliation and Arbitration, a body that had been organized by the Pan American Union, a predecessor of the Organization of the American States (OAS).” When a great power, like the United States works from the outside like in this case with Paraguay and Bolivia, the league doesn’t really work. In this case, the league was also slow to react when Bolivia notified them of what had happened. When the league doesn’t respond right away or help its members then other states, like the U.S. could possibly get involved. The league being slow to react pretty much opened the door for a great power to step right in.

The main issue with these security dilemmas is that they are creating an unsafe environment for all of us. When one state believes it is a necessity to build up its weapons it leads to mutually assured destruction. If we look at the current situation going on in Ukraine and other countries around the world it shows how unsafe our world really is. I believe that it is dire for states to work together in order to trust one another. I know that it is a long shot, especially today. However, all it takes is one country to bomb another and then the entire world could potentially disappear. It is a sad situation and it makes me wish that humanity was more trusting and caring.

Prompt 9: Awkward.
kknox0009
I remember being at cheerleading practice when our coach decided to let us go home early. I didn’t plan on going straight home but I decided that I was super tired and had a lot of homework. I pulled into our driveway and hit the garage door opener like every other day. However, that day I could not have imagined a worse situation to walk into. I entered our home and everything seemed normal as usual. I sat my backpack on the kitchen table and grabbed a snack from the pantry. After a few minutes I heard some really odd noises coming from upstairs. I had no idea what I was going to find. My heart started racing and I was scared to death. I grabbed my brother’s baseball bat and slowly walked up the steps. I opened my parent’s door since the noises were coming from that direction. To my shock I walked in on my sister sleeping with her boyfriend in my parent’s bed. I immediately ran downstairs and began to freak out. My sister followed me and begged me not to tell our parents. To this day, I am haunted by the thought. It was the most awkward moment of my life.

Prompt 8: The Unwanted Visitor
kknox0009
It was a cold and stormy night. Emma was reading a book on the couch when the doorbell rang. She wondered who it could be. She had not been expecting any visitors and it was later in the evening. As she peered out the window she saw a man dressed in black. She figured that it was a man selling something by the attire he was wearing. She answered the door with intentions of saying that she wasn’t interested.

When she opened the door, she saw a tall handsome man with dark hair and dark eyes. She immediately felt attached to this person and she had never even met him. He introduced himself as Lu and stated that he was in the home security business. He began to point to certain areas of the house that seemed to be unprotected. Emma decided after a few minutes that he seemed like a great guy and invited him in to show her more areas of the home that needed to be secured.

While walking into the kitchen Emma began to feel quite sick. She began to sweat and feel as if she was on fire. She turned around and watched as Lu smiled in an evil manner. Lu pulled the hood up on the black jacket he was wearing and approached Emma slowly. He then leaned over and whispered in her ear, “ I am here to steal your soul, for I am Satan”.

Prompt 7: Bark Bark!
kknox0009
I have four legs, I am furry and cute, and the only job I have is to steal your heart. I constantly want attention from humans and I love to run around. I enjoy jumping on humans and sometimes I knock them down. Every time I see a cat I feel the need to chase it around until it jumps on a table or runs outside! Sometimes my humans become angry and I am not sure why. I also do not realize how big of a dog I am. I tend to play rough with other dogs that are smaller than me and sometimes they run away and become scared. This hurts my feelings because the only thing I want to do is play. I also jump up on the dinner table and try to steal human food when no one is watching. If they can eat it, why can't I? It does not seem fair. At the end of the day I enjoy snuggling up next to my humans and letting them rub my head and scratch behind my ears. What am I? As you probably already know, I am a dog. I am a Giant Schnauzer puppy to be more specific! I have to go now! My human is trying to do homework and I have to get her attention!

Draft 2: Security Dilemma Piece
kknox0009
There are many aspects of international politics that affect the way states perform in everyday life. How these states work together affects each of their outcomes in the political realm. However, when a state wants to obtain more power than others it creates a security dilemma among countries.
Security dilemmas are ultimately about power and have affected international politics for many years. In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the 30 years’ war between Spain and Austria. This war was significant because it allowed states to obtain sovereignty. Sovereignty plays a huge role in security dilemmas. When a state’s freedom is threatened that state will do anything to protect it. If you don’t know what another state’s intentions are and you don’t know the consequences of your own power then this leads to a security dilemma. A good example of this took place in January of 2002 when President Bush gave a speech and in this speech he labeled North Korea as one of the “axis of evil.” In this example, if you were North Korea, would you feel threatened? When you feel threatened and you don’t know the other states intentions it leads to an arms race spiral. If you don’t build up your weapons for defense purposes then there really isn’t another option for protection. By Bush labeling North Korea it led them to accelerate their weapons programs immediately after his speech. Another example that created a security dilemma happened during the Clinton Administration. In 1992 the United States noticed from the space station that North Korea had more activity going on in a certain area than usual. This led the U.S. to question whether or not North Korea had the intention of creating weapons of mass destruction. Clinton ended up opening up peace talks with North Korea and both states tried to cooperate with one another. However, for this to happen, the U.S. and Japan had to agree to fund two light water reactors and to provide oil each year to North Korea. By agreeing to this it looked like the U.S. was giving into blackmail but the U.S. had a lot more at stake. The U.S. and South Korea have an alliance and if North Korea was to invade South Korea it would completely obliterate their military. The U.S. also has a large amount of troops stationed in South Korea and the U.S. would have significant amount of casualties if North Korea was to invade. By North Korea trying to acquire WMD’s it created a huge security dilemma among more than two states.
States have tried many methods to try and overcome the security dilemma or at least reduce it if nothing more can be done. One method that has been attempted is collective security. Collective security renounced the use of force in settling disputes. It was the idea that if one state became an aggressor that the non-aggressor states would come together and stop the aggressor. This goes along with the idea of prevention by threat, that if an aggressor state knows that other states will gang up on it if it decides to obtain more power or become a hegemon, that state will be less likely to even try. Woodrow Wilson came up with the idea of starting the League of Nations. This league was designed to “create a world of independent nation states, free of outside interference; the secret diplomacy of the old order would be replaced by the open discussion and resolution of disputes; the military alliance blocs would be replaced by a system of collective guarantees of security; and agreed disarmament would prevent the recurrence of the kind of arms race” that had happened in the past. However, there were several problems with the League of Nations that led to its failure. One of the league’s biggest problems was the fact that the great powers were not in it. “In 1919, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it,” It was quite interesting that the President of the United States came up with the idea to form the league, yet the government was not behind his idea. This caused a complication due to the idea that if a state in the league works with a great power that is not in the league, then they have a big advantage. For example, in 1928 a crisis arose between Bolivia and Paraguay, both whom were a part of the league. The Paraguayan military captured and destroyed a Bolivian fort. Afterward, Bolivia decided to attack and try to take back their fort and another fort as well. Bolivia also notified the League of Nations for help during this crisis. However, the main problem is that “the prime mover in mediation was the Pan American Conference of Conciliation and Arbitration, a body that had been organized by the Pan American Union, a predecessor of the Organization of the American States (OAS).” When a great power, like the United States works from the outside like in this case with Paraguay and Bolivia, the league doesn’t really work. In this case, the league was also slow to react when Bolivia notified them of what had happened. When the league doesn’t respond right away or help its members then other states, like the U.S. could possibly get involved. The league being slow to react pretty much opened the door for a great power to step right in.

Prompt 6: Helping Others Wishes Come True
kknox0009
In order to make a wish come true I think the person has to truly want something. If a person wishes to become a doctor then that person needs to study and receive an education. To ensure that a wish comes true, I think that person must be dedicated and motivated. Wishes can also be looked at from a different perspective as well. When I think of wishes I think of someone else’s wants and dreams. I wonder what I could to help that person’s wish come true. For example, I had a lot of trouble as a child and was hospitalized a lot. I always try to donate my time and funds to the make a wish foundation. I understand what it is like for a family to wish their child was healthy or to wish the doctor could help. So I try to help out when I can. I have dreams, which are similar to goals, but I normally don’t make wishes. I normally try to help others with theirs.

Prompt 5: I would prefer..
kknox0009
1. I would love to go to the mall but I have already have plans.
2. I would prefer to go see a different movie.
3. I will try to come for awhile but I have a lot to finish up at work.
4. I’m not a big fan of dancing.
5. I already have a date.
6. I can’t swim. Sorry.
7. My car is in the shop so I don’t have a source of transportation.
8. I don’t think I will have enough time to pick it up for you.
9. I am tired today but thanks for the offer.
10. I wish I could but I am not feeling well.


I would prefer to go see a different movie because I am afraid of horror films. I love comedies if you are interested. I know you love reese cups but I prefer m&ms so we can share.

Prompt 4: The Real Cinderella
kknox0009
There once was a girl who lived alone with her father in their palace. Her father was a wonderful man who eventually married an evil woman; this woman also had two evil daughters. The story goes that this young girl grew up with a horrible stepmother and two grotesque step sisters that made her scrub the floors and never leave the house. However, that is the story that everyone knows. What the story book does not tell you is that the beautiful young girl’s stepmother and sisters were not evil at all. In fact, this beautiful girl with hair of gold and the name Cinderella was actually the villain in this story.

Cinderella was not a delightful young lady after her father passed away. She was manipulative and angry with her stepmother and sisters. She did not understand why her father would leave them anything at all. She had also heard that there was a grand ball coming to town and that a wonderful prince would be attending looking for his future bride. She quickly called on the town witch to help her with preparations. This witch agreed to give Cinderella an irresistible love potion that would last until midnight the eve of the ball. Cinderella also retained a magical carriage and of course, the famous glass slippers. Cinderella used the love potion and it worked perfectly. The prince fell head over heels in love with her and they danced the night away. She left her glass slipper outside while the prince was not looking. She knew that he would hunt for her obsessively, and he did. The whole plan worked out perfectly. The prince looked all over town until he found her and she was now the heir to the kingdom. Her stepmother and sisters would be left with nothing.

Security Dilemma Piece
kknox0009
There are many aspects of international politics that affect the way states perform in everyday life. How these states work together affects each of their outcomes in the political realm. However, when a state wants to obtain more power than others it creates a security dilemma among states.

Security dilemmas are ultimately about power and have been around in international politics for many years. In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the 30 years war between Spain and Austria. This is important because it allowed states to obtain sovereignty. Sovereignty plays a huge role in security dilemmas because when a state’s sovereignty is threatened they will do just about anything to protect it. If you don’t know what another state’s intentions are and you don’t know the consequences of your own power then this leads to a security dilemma. A good example of this took place in January of 2002 when President Bush gave a speech and in this speech he labeled North Korea as one of the “axis of evil.” In this example, if you were North Korea, would you feel threatened? When you feel threatened and you don’t know the other states intentions it leads to an arms race spiral. If you don’t build up your weapons for defense purposes then there really isn’t another option for protection. By Bush labeling North Korea it led them to accelerate their weapons programs immediately after his speech which is a typical case of a security dilemma. Another example that created a security dilemma and involved North Korea happened during the Clinton Administration. In 1992 the United States noticed from the space station that North Korea had more activity going on in a certain area than usual. This led the U.S. to question whether or not North Korea had the intention of creating weapons of mass destruction. Clinton ended up opening up peace talks with North Korea and both states tried to cooperate with one another. However, for this to happen, the U.S. and Japan had to agree to fund two light water reactors and to provide oil each year to North Korea. By agreeing to this it looked like the U.S. was giving into blackmail but the U.S. had a lot more at stake. The U.S. and South Korea have an alliance and if North Korea was to invade South Korea it would completely obliterate their military. The U.S. also has a large amount of troops stationed in South Korea and the U.S. would have significant amount of casualties if North Korea was to invade. By North Korea trying to acquire WMD’s it created a huge security dilemma among more than two states.

States have tried many methods to try and overcome the security dilemma or at least reduce it if nothing more can be done. One method that has been attempted more than once is collective security. Collective security renounced the use of force in settling disputes. It was the idea that if one state became an aggressor that the non aggressor states would come together and stop the aggressor. This goes along with the idea of prevention by threat, that if an aggressor state knows that other states will gang up on it if it decides to obtain more power or become a hegemon, that state will be less likely to even try. Woodrow Wilson came up with the idea of starting the League of Nations. This league was designed to “create a world of independent nation states, free of outside interference; the secret diplomacy of the old order would be replaced by the open discussion and resolution of disputes; the military alliance blocs would be replaced by a system of collective guarantees of security; and agreed disarmament would prevent the recurrence of the kind of arms race” that had happened in the past. However, there were several problems with the League of Nations that led to its failure. One of the league’s biggest problems was the fact that the great powers were not in it. “In 1919, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it,” . It was quite interesting that the President of the United States came up with the idea to form the league, yet the government was not behind his idea. This caused a problem because if a state in the league works with a great power that is not in the league, then they have a big advantage. For example, in 1928 a crisis arose between Bolivia and Paraguay, both whom were a part of the league. The Paraguayan military captured and destroyed a Bolivian fort. Afterward, Bolivia decided to attack and try to take back their fort and another fort as well. Bolivia also notified the League of Nations for help during this crisis. However, the main problem is that “the prime mover in mediation was the Pan American Conference of Conciliation and Arbitration, a body that had been organized by the Pan American Union, a predecessor of the Organization of the American States (OAS).” When a great power, like the United States works from the outside like in this case with Paraguay and Bolivia, the league doesn’t really work. In this case, the league was also slow to react when Bolivia notified them of what had happened. When the league doesn’t respond right away or help its members then other states, like the U.S. could possibly get involved. The league being slow to react pretty much opened the door for a great power to step right in.
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Every Woman Loves to Wear Short Shorts!!!
kknox0009
Nair is known for gently removing hair and leaving your skin smooth and radiant but don’t forget you can enjoy an odor that stinks up your entire home. Nair constantly comes out with new scents that smell fresh and tropical as well. This allows the fantastic odor to increase throughout your home and last longer! You’ll never need a scented candle again! Oh, and make sure that you watch the clock as you are applying the product to your skin because although your hair may be gone you could be left with a wicked chemical burn that stings for hours! Nair has advanced so much that it is no longer only for your legs! Now, men and women can enjoy the wonderful fragrance and pain of Nair. Men can now choose from spray or cream versions of Nair. You and your wife can now use the radiance of Nair together! Nair also makes body lotions, shower gels, and waxes for the entire body. This way you can take the awesome scent of Nair with you! Every woman wants to wear short shorts and smell for days! The only logical answer is to purchase Nair!

prompt 2: schadenfreude
audreymm24
The term schadenfreude is not one that I had ever heard before, at least not in this way. I have however heard of people getting pleasure out of other people’s pain or failure. Although I looked through many websites the one that I am choosing to write about is an article that I found on the discover magazine website. The article discusses how everyone experiences schadenfreude, including toddlers.
I found this to be particularly interesting and entertaining. As I recently had a child and am watching her grow I am excited for the toddler stage but now that I know that even children as young as toddlers can experience joy in other peoples pain honestly I am a little nervous! I have always known that children can laugh when people fall or trip but I never knew that they could experience real joy in it. I also was unaware that children at such a young age could compare their state to another.
If a child as young as 24 months old can notice when they are not in equal situations of another child and enjoys when the other child’s situation becomes worse than their own, it really shows how much children observe from their parents. Adults take pleasure when someone they do not like gets into a situation that is worse than their own and I think that children pick up on that. We all think that children don’t really know what we are saying or doing when they are that young but it is obvious that they do.
I think that we all like to think that we are above schadenfreude, that we do not enjoy watching people we do not like fall into a worse situation than themselves but I will admit that I have fallen victim to these feelings a time or two. It is crazy that these feelings are with us from such a young age, and the majority of us probably are unaware that it is even happening.
I would like to think that we could stop these feelings that we could learn to not enjoy others pain but honestly I think that is more wishful thinking than anything. We all have people that we do not like and seeing that they are in a worse situation than our own is sometimes a nice thing whether we like it or not. We begin feeling these emotions at such a young age and it is so imbedded into who we are as we grow that we are unable to really see it when it’s happening. If we could stop enjoying others pain the world might have the chance of being a better place but when you are the one in the pain and see how others enjoy it, it almost pushes you to do better, try harder and make things better for yourself so that no one is enjoying your pain any longer. There are negative aspects of schadenfreude but there is always a silver lining, take the negatives and try to make a positive out of every bad experience.

Prompt 1: What Happened?
kknox0009
As we stumbled upon this bridge we do not know what lies ahead. It has been a long journey through the jungle and we are exhausted. I am Ellen Brooks and I have been lost in the jungle with my brother for two weeks. At least, I think it has been two weeks. We have fought off animals that we have never encountered and spent our nights in Kapok trees. This was supposed to be a vacation and somehow things went terribly wrong.
It all started when my brother wanted to go on a cruise. Somewhere over a country in Africa our plane crashed. I can remember lights flashing and my body trembling with fear as I tried to put my oxygen mask on. I looked out the window and saw the sky, and then the tree tops, and finally, red. My brother and I were the only two survivors that we know of. We waited for help but no one came. We waited for three whole sunsets and no one arrived. On the fourth day we decided to leave the crash site. We were able to find remnants of a first aid kit and somehow managed to fix up a few of our wounds. We couldn’t stay there anymore. As we hobbled through the tall trees we encountered many animals that could have killed us in seconds. We were able to find a tall Kapok tree and climb as high as we could manage. We spent out nights sleeping in branches under the stars.
After many long days of rationing food and water we came to a bridge. This bridge was brittle and old but beautiful. We can only hope that this is a sign of civilization ahead. At the end, there seemed to be a white light that shined magnificently. We knew that this was the beginning of the end.

Past, Present, and... Probably More Past
camellen
Hello fellow writers! Or rather, I should hope that you would be fellow writers. There's going to be a lot of writing in this class, I imagine. My name is Cameron (or Cam, as a small number of people choose to call me). I currently live in the most boring, horse-obsessed burning state that is Kentucky, but have previously lived in Delaware and Maine. I am not a goblin or elf, as unfortunately, fiction is not allowed in this post. Darned rules. As you might have guessed, I don't much like the heat. I stay inside most of my time, but I do enjoy the odd rainy day or stormy night. It adds a little magic to the atmosphere. That magical feeling that you get when you walk into a certain kind of atmosphere has fueled a lot of my inspirations. Anyways, a bit about my own history.

Now, I have previously attended JCTC. I had originally intended to attend Morehead State to follow a Creative Writing major, but was forced here instead. Because I could not find a related major here, I instead took a major in Global studies. I partly took the major out of spite, seeing as my parents would not let me study abroad before, and this was a great way to force it (I would like to dash all assumptions that all of us are completely nice, we all have a dark side- this is mine). Skip ahead a couple years, and I'm at Morehead State University as a dual major in Psychology and International Studies. I returned to JCTC over the summer to take a class to fill in the missing credits I would need to qualify to be a junior. This was the perfect option. So now I'm sure, you're just begging to know what makes me interested in writing.

Well, it all started when I was young. I had always liked reading, and writing became a natural extension of it. So later, I became interested in roleplaying games (such as Dungeons and Dragons), and started to play around with those. I am currently running two campaigns for RPGs online, one of which has lasted over a year and spans a few hundred pages in length (not all me, of course). While I love to write, I have found myself preoccupied in the last couple of years, so haven't been able to write as much as I would like (cue sad music). I fear that this has been creating a decline in my writing ability. What would have been easy, natural, now take deep concentration. I can't even agree with what I write anymore, I just throw it away. But with this, I hope I can change things around (end sad music)! My favorite genre is fantasy, of course, with horror and science fiction coming up behind. My favorite author is Terry Brooks, and spend most of my time playing games (such as Dragon Age) or (attention span permitting) reading.

Slow Down for What?
kknox0009
Where to start? My name is Kelsey Knox! I am 24 years old and have a bachelor’s degree from Georgetown College. I am currently working on my master’s degree in teaching at Thomas More College. I enjoy reading and am very passionate about history! On top of that, I just accepted my first teaching position and am getting married in December. While I am excited about all of my opportunities I sometimes wish I could just sit down for a minute. My life is wonderful, crazy, and incredibly busy! I am taking two graduate classes and three undergraduate classes within the next six weeks so this has been one challenging summer for me.

In my spare time I love to travel to historical places and read. I enjoy learning and become excited about things that most people think are mundane. I also love my students. I would do anything for them even though they drive me crazy some days. I believe that every child can learn and I refuse to give up on them even when others have. Although my life is extremely busy I would not trade it for anything!

A Quick Look Into the Life of Laina
lainastewart
Introducing myself from behind a computer screen and in just a few short paragraphs is going to be tough, but I’m up to the challenge!
I am Laina (pronounced Lay-na) Stewart and I am an education major at the University of Louisville. Go CARDS!! More importantly, I am a follower of Christ and strive to be live a life that brings glory to God. I actually just got back from an amazing week in Panama City Beach, Florida at an event my church puts on for our high school ministry, called “Bible and Beach.” I had the privilege of being a leader on the trip, along side some of my best friends and got to see God move in some pretty amazing ways!
I am also a future wife! My sweet fiance and I got engaged on May 29, while on family vacation in Seabrook, South Carolina. We are so excited and I am loving every minute of planning the wedding. Thankfully, I have been blessed with the gift of organization, so hopefully it will make this wedding planning thing a breeze!
A few more random things about me that will help you get to know me better is that I am a nanny for two families this summer, five days a week. I love to workout, take walks, hangout with friends and family by the pool or at our lake house, and explore new parks around Louisville. AND summer is by far my FAVORITE season!
Those are just a few of the things about me. I’m excited to get to know you all throughout this short course and hopefully we can get through it with as little stress as possible and grow in our skill of creative writing!

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